I interviewed Art Specialist Teacher Dilys Finlay whose exceptional work with the children of Beecroft Garden Primary School, involving drawing, painting, sculpture, textiles, photography, mosaics and installation, has featured in exhibitions and on London Live TV news. Dilys passionately believes that events like these as well as collaborations with visiting artists have given the children creative confidence.
Dilys studied Fine Art at Goldsmiths College, London, working in adult education before becoming a primary teacher.
Leslie: If I was a regular visitor to your school, what would strike me about the visible and less visible art going on?
Dilys: As you walk up to the outside entrance you will see evidence of street art made in collaboration with local artists, one on the music block from Artmongers, a Lewisham based street art organisation working collaboratively with adults and school communities, and also a painting of a bee by the internationally acclaimed and former Lewisham resident, Louis Masai.
The main reception area has an art gallery feel with sculptures on plinths, art in frames, much of it collaborative, including textiles and photography.
We have had a tv screen which regularly showed at work in progress before lockdown. Visitors are limited to essential only now until further notice.
Leslie: How do you draw out children’s creativity at different ages and stages of their development? Can you give us some stories, please, about how artworks began, grew and developed?
Dilys: All art we do has a topic based starting point from which we use many cross-curricular links. This brings out the creativity in all subjects. We link our art to a contemporary artist and one from the past; if it links to the other subjects then this allows for a full range of experience and allows the children to see many different art forms. Children are taught basic skills of drawing, painting and using clay, learning how to use the many tools at their disposal. This in turn empowers them to use these tools with independence and resilience. The process is very much part of our lessons. Processes have ways of surprising us with their outcomes.
One time a year 2 child who usually struggled with subjects such as reading, maths and writing, had been using different colours of ink on his leaf-and-flower painting, A3 cartridge. He was taking care to keep his colours clean so he could get the ones he needed. The inks ran into each other, as it often does, and he burst out with, “My colours are crying!” We all stopped as he held it up and we watched the ‘tears’ of ink flow down his paper. It was such a beautiful moment and we used it for the rest of the lesson. All the children use little accidents as part of the process and the journey to accepting them as such is as much about learning as everything else. Accidents are beautiful and help us to think differently.
Leslie: Can you tell us a few stories that showcase the transferable skills that art can develop?
Dilys: Ways of using different motor activities such as bending wire, manipulating clay, holding a paintbrush at different angles, making felt transfer readily into many areas of practical learning with the strengthening of fingers and hands,
Links with Science are particularly active when using materials and all the vocabulary associated. Children see practical examples and experiments unfold before their eyes. They are able to discuss what would happen if other materials were put in our school kiln when doing ceramics, learning about temperature and how heat makes reversible or irreversible change. We use maths to solve design problems using shapes for tessellation and repetition for textiles. We use poetry to discuss how art makes us feel and are often using critical thinking within this process of discussion. These are a tiny example of the many areas of the curriculum, but I would say that the biggest life skill is the developing of resilience.
Leslie: What was your own childhood experience of art, and how has it led to your present specialism? How have you seen (or would like to see) art teaching changing?
Dilys: I was surrounded by artists, musicians and actors as a child. Because of this my parents wanted me to enter a different area, such as science. I rebelled as art was what came naturally to me. Art saw me through some tough times growing up. It was what made me have an identity at school when I struggled with other subjects. I was lucky enough to have art in primary school every week, but it mainly consisted of drawing, painting or collage.
These days art is really pushed aside in much of the teacher training courses and as such many new teachers lack the confidence to teach it in the classroom. A lot depends on the ethos of the school and the vision of the Head Teacher. Art is a human right. Children need to have access to it in order to allow their curriculum to be as inclusive as possible. We need more art specialists in schools to help develop the skills needed for teachers and children. Consistency is extremely important.
Leslie: Could you give us a few anecdotes that show how parents contribute to art your school?
Dilys: Parents have helped us in many ways. We get to know their interests and specialisms, of which there are many and invite them into the school to volunteer in lessons and help us mount our art shows – collaborative arts events with visiting artists. We have been donated many items to use for our art, most notably and recently our school kiln! Lewisham is a vibrant community that has many artists living here and we are very lucky to have made links with local businesses who have donated many things over the years, realising we have a very arts-based curriculum. This contribution by parents has allowed us to enrich our curriculum to the max!
Leslie: Do you have examples of how technology has supported creativity in art?
Dilys: Technology is something we need to improve on within arts-based learning. We have however made stop-motion animation using ipads and have very useful online links to schools both around the country and internationally where we have promoted the work we do.
We have this term procured brand new Chrome Books for the whole of KS2. We are about to launch several arts apps on our new Ipads.
Leslie: Can you describe your historical interests, where & how you learn about them, and how they contribute to your teaching?
Dilys: I studied art at Goldsmiths College and was a practising artist before becoming a teacher. My interests have always been science, nature and sustainability. I often used all of these within my teaching. It is important for children from a very young age to see art as connected to all the subjects, not see them as separate. This allows them to make more links to many different subjects and encourage them to want to be more curious about them too.
Leslie: Who are your artistic heroes – why them?)
Dilys: My art heroes are:
Ernst Haeckel for his pioneering scientific drawings of sea creatures and mollusks – teaching children about pattern and symmetry
Yinka Shonibare – his colourful installations and use of textiles teaches us about migration and identity
Frank Bowling OBE – Windrush Generation artist using maps and abstracts on a large scale allowing children to free themselves from the constraints of observational art, again identity with maps
Barbara Kobylinska – Polish/Canadian sculptor using mixed media to make large scale bird sculptures. Sculptures that are colourful and shapes that are full of character, encouraging stories and poems
Tamara Natalie Madden – her beautiful colourful portraits with gold allow for pride, strength and self belief.
Turner – wondrous horizon lines and drama, full of sky, sea and stories.
These are just a few I use regularly but there are many more.
Next week, I interview historical novelist, archaeologist, teacher & performance poet Kate Innes about her writing and her life experiences in Zimbabwe, Connecticut & now Shropshire.
ABOUT LESLIE TATE’S BOOKS:
- Love’s Register tells the story of romantic love and climate change over four UK generations. Beginning with ‘climate children’ Joe, Mia and Cass and ending with Hereiti’s night sea journey across Oceania, the book’s voices take us through family conflicts in the 1920s, the pressures of the ‘free-love 60s’, open relationships in the feminist 80s/90s and a contemporary late-life love affair. Love’s Register is a family saga and a modern psychological novel that explores the way we live now. A signed copy of Love’s Register is available in pounds sterling here. The paperback in other currencies is available here. Ebook for Kindle in £s here and in $s here. For other ebook reading devices here (all currencies).
- Heaven’s Rage is a memoir that explores addiction, cross-dressing, bullying and the hidden sides of families, discovering at their core the transformative power of words to rewire the brain and reconnect with life. “A Robin Red breast in a Cage / Puts all Heaven in a Rage” – William Blake. You can read more about/buy Heaven’s Rage here.
- The Dream Speaks Back, written by Sue Hampton, Cy Henty and Leslie Tate, is a joint autobiography exploring imagination and the adult search for the inner child. The book looks at gender difference, growing up in unusual families and mental health issues. It’s also a very funny portrait of working in the arts, full of crazy characters, their ups and downs, and their stories. You can buy a signed copy of The Dream Speaks Back here.